Patient Bill of Rights and Responsibilities

patient bill of rights and responsibilities.docx

Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc.

We believe that all patients receiving services from Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. should be informed of their rights. Therefore, you are entitled to:

  1. Be fully informed in advance about care/service to be provided, including the disciplines that furnish care and the frequency of visits, as well as any modifications to the plan of care
  2. Be informed, both orally and in writing, in advance of care being provided, of the charges, including payment for care/service expected from third parties and any charges for which the client/patient will be responsible
  3. Receive information about the scope of services that the organization will provide and specific limitations on those services
  4. Participate in the development and periodic revision of the plan of care
  5. Refuse care or treatment after the consequences of refusing care or treatment are fully presented
  6. Be informed of client/patient rights under state law to formulate an Advanced Directive, if applicable
  7. Have one’s property and person treated with respect, consideration, and recognition of client/patient dignity and individuality
  8. Be able to identify visiting personnel members through proper identification
  9. Be free from mistreatment, neglect, or verbal, mental, sexual, and physical abuse, including injuries of unknown source, and misappropriation of client/patient property
  10. Voice grievances/complaints regarding treatment or care, lack of respect of property or recommend changes in policy, personnel, or care/service without restraint, interference, coercion, discrimination, or reprisal
  11. Have grievances/complaints regarding treatment or care that is (or fails to be) furnished, or lack of respect of property investigated
  12. Confidentiality and privacy of all information contained in the client/patient record and of Protected Health Information
  13. Be advised on agency’s policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of clinical records
  14. Choose a health care provider, including choosing an attending physician, if applicable
  15. Receive appropriate care without discrimination in accordance with physician orders, if applicable
  16. Be informed of any financial benefits when referred to an organization
  17. Be fully informed of one’s responsibilities


  1. Patient agrees that rental equipment will be used with reasonable care, not altered or modified, and returned in good condition (normal wear and tear excepted).
  2. Patient agrees to promptly report to Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. any malfunctions or defects in rental equipment so that repair/ replacement can be arranged.
  3. Patient agrees to provide Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. access to all rental equipment for repair/replacement, maintenance, and/or pick-up of the equipment.
  4. Patient agrees to use the equipment for the purposes so indicated and in compliance with the physician’s prescription.
  5. Patient agrees to keep the equipment in their possession and at the address, to which it was delivered unless otherwise authorized by Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc.
  6. Patient agrees to notify Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. of any hospitalization, change in customer insurance, address, telephone number, physician, or when the medical need for the rental equipment no longer exists.
  7. Patient agrees to request payment of authorized Medicaid, or other private insurance benefits are paid directly to Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. for any services furnished by Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc..
  8. Patient agrees to accept all financial responsibility for home medical equipment furnished by Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc.
  9. Patient agrees to pay for the replacement cost of any equipment damaged, destroyed, or lost due to misuse, abuse or neglect.
  10. Patient agrees not to modify the rental equipment without the prior consent of Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc.
  11. Patient agrees that any authorized modification shall belong to the titleholder of the equipment unless equipment is purchased and paid for in full.
  12. Patient agrees that title to the rental equipment and all parts shall remain with Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. at all times unless equipment is purchased and paid for in full.
  13. Patient agrees that Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. shall not insure or be responsible to the patient for any personal injury or property damage related to any equipment; including that caused by use or improper functioning of the equipment; the act or omission of any other third party, or by any criminal act or activity, war, riot, insurrection, fire or act of God
  14. Patient understands that Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. retains the right to refuse delivery of service to any patient at any time.
  15. Patient agrees that any legal fees resulting from a disagreement between the parties shall be borne by the unsuccessful party in any legal action taken.

When the patient is unable to make medical or other decisions, the family should be consulted for direction.  

All staff members will understand and be able to discuss the Patient Bill of Rights and Responsibilities with the patient and caregiver(s). Each staff member will receive training during orientation and attend an annual in-service education class on the Patient Bill of Rights and Responsibilities.


At Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc., we want to make sure that your home medical treatment is done conveniently and safely. Many of our patients are limited in strength, or unsteady on their feet. Some are wheelchair – or bed-bound. These pages are written to give our patients some easy and helpful tips on how to make the home safe for home care.

Fire Safety and Prevention

  • Smoke detectors should be installed in your home. Make sure you check the batteries at least once a year.
  • If appropriate, you may consider carbon monoxide detectors as well. Ask your local fire department if you should have one in your home.
  • Have a fire extinguisher in your home, and have it tested regularly to make sure it is still charged and in working order.
  • Have a plan for escape in the event of a fire. Discuss this plan with your family.
  • If you use oxygen in your home, make sure you understand the hazards of smoking near oxygen. Review the precautions. If you aren’t sure, ask your oxygen provider what they are.
  • If you are using electrical medical equipment, make sure to review the instruction sheets for that equipment. Read the section on electrical safety.

Electrical Safety

  • Make sure that all medical equipment is plugged into a properly grounded electrical outlet.
  • If you have to use a three-prong adapter, make sure it is properly installed by attaching the ground wire to the plug outlet screw.
  • Use only good quality outlet “extenders” or “power strips” with internal Circuit breakers. Don’t use cheap extension cords.        

Safety in the Bathroom

Because of the smooth surfaces, the bathroom can be a very dangerous place, especially for persons who are unsteady.

  • Use non-slip rugs on the floor to prevent slipping.
  • Install a grab-bar on the shower wall, and non-slip footing strips inside the tub or shower.
  • Ask your medical equipment provider about a shower bench you can sit on in the shower.
  • If you have difficulty sitting and getting up, ask about a raised toilet seat with arm supports to make it easier to get on and off the commode.
  • If you have problems sensing hot and cold, you should consider lowering the temperature setting of your water heater so you don’t accidentally scald yourself without realizing it.

Safety in the Bedroom

It’s important to arrange a safe, well-planned and comfortable bedroom since a lot of your recuperation and home therapy may occur there.

  • Ask your home medical provider about a hospital bed. These beds raise and lower so you can sit up, recline, and adjust your knees. A variety of tables and supports are also available so you can eat, exercise, and read in bed.
  • Bed rails may be a good idea, especially if you have a tendency to roll in bed at night.
  • If you have difficulty walking, inquire about a bedside commode so you don’t have to walk to the bathroom to use the toilet.
  • Make sure you can easily reach the light switches, and other important things you might need through the day or night.
  • Install night-lights to help you find your way in the dark at night.
  • If you are using an IV pole for your IV or enteral therapy, make sure that all furniture, loose carpets, and electrical cords are out of the way so you do not trip and fall while walking with the pole.

Safety in the Kitchen

Your kitchen should be organized so you can easily reach and use the common items, especially during your recuperation while you are still a bit weak:

  • Have a friend or health care worker remove all common small appliances and utensils from cabinets, and place them on your counters where you can easily use them.
  • Have a chair brought into the kitchen to the counter work area if you have difficulty standing.
  • Make sure you are careful lifting pots and pans. Not only might they be hot, but they can be heavy as well. Use padded mitts to firmly grasp pans and pots on both sides.
  • Ask your kitchen or hardware store about utensils for manually impaired or arthritic persons, including:
  • Basic electric can openers
  • Bottle and jar openers
  • Large-handled utensils
  • When working at your stove, be very careful that intravenous, tube feeding tubing, or oxygen tubing do not hang over the heat. They can be flammable.

Getting Around Safely

If you are now using assistant devices for ambulating (walking), here are some key points:

  • Install permanent or temporary guardrails on stairs to give you additional support if you are using a cane or are unsteady.
  • If you are using a walker, make sure that furniture and walkways are arranged to give you enough room.
  • If you are using a walker or wheelchair, you may need a ramp for getting into or out of the house. Ramps can be purchased ready-made, or may be constructed for you. Talk to your home medical equipment provider about available options.

What To Do If You Get Hurt … In case of emergency, contact:  Fire, Police, Ambulance: 911  


If you have any questions about safety that aren’t on this web page, please call us and we will be happy to give you recommendations for your individual needs.




It is our duty to maintain the privacy and confidentiality of your protected health information (PHI). We will create records regarding your and the treatment and service we provide to you. We are required by law to maintain the privacy of your PHI, which includes any individually identifiable information that we obtain from you or others that relates to your past, present or future physical or mental health, the health care you have received, or payment for your health care. We will share protected health information with one another, as necessary, to carry out treatment, payment or health care operations relating to the services to be rendered at the Pharmacy.

As required by law, this notice provides you with information about your rights and our legal duties and privacy practices with respect to the privacy of PHI. This notice also discusses the uses and disclosures we will make of your PHI. We must comply with the provisions of this notice as currently in effect, although we reserve the right to change the terms of this notice from time to time and to make the revised notice effective for all PHI we maintain. You can always request a written copy of our most current privacy notice from our Privacy Officer.


We can use or disclose your PHI for purposes of treatment, payment and health care operations. For each of these categories of uses and disclosures, we have provided a description and an example below. However, not every particular use or disclosure in every category will be listed.

  • Treatment means providing services as ordered by your physician. Treatment also includes coordination and consultations with other health care providers relating to your care and referrals for health care from one health care provider to another. We may also disclose PHI to outside entitles performing other services related to your treatment such as hospital, diagnostic laboratories, home health or hospice agencies, etc.
  • Payment means the activities we undertake to obtain reimbursement for the health care provided to you, including billing, collections, claims management, prior approval, determinations of eligibility and coverage and other utilization review activities. Federal or state law may require us to obtain a written release from you prior to disclosing certain specially protected PHI for payment purposes, and we will ask you to sign a release when necessary under applicable law.
  • Health care operations means the support functions of the Pharmacy, related to treatment and payment, such as quality assurance activities, case management, receiving and responding to patient comments and complaints, physician reviews, compliance programs, audits, business planning, development, management and administrative activities. We may use your PHI to evaluate the performance of our staff when caring for you. We may also combine PHI about many patients to decide what additional services we should offer, what services are not needed, and whether certain new treatments are effective. We may also disclose PHI for review and learning purposes. In addition, we may remove information that identifies you so that others can use the de-identified information to study health care and health care delivery without learning who you are.


We may also use your PHI in the following ways:

  • To provide appointment reminders for treatment or medical care.
  • To tell you about or recommend possible treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.
  • To disclose to your family or friends or any other individual identified by you to the extent directly related to such person's involvement in your care or the payment for your care. We may use or disclose your PHI to notify, or assist in the notification of, a family member, a personal representative, or another person responsible for your care, of your location, general condition or death. If you are available, we will give you an opportunity to object to these disclosures, and we will not make these disclosures if you object. If you are not available, we will determine whether a disclosure to your family or friends is in your best interest, taking into account the circumstances and based upon our professional judgment.
  • When permitted by law, we may coordinate our uses and disclosures of PHI with public or private entities authorized by law or by charter to assist in disaster relief efforts.
  • We will allow your family and friends to act on your behalf to pickup filled prescriptions, medical supplies, X-rays, and similar forms of PHI, when we determine, in our professional judgment,that it is in your best interest to make such disclosures.

We may contact you as part of our fundraising and marketing efforts as permitted by applicable law. You have the right to opt out of receiving such fundraising communications.

  • We may use or disclose your PHI for research purposes, subject to the requirements of applicable law. For example, a research project may involve comparisons of the health and recovery of all patients who received a particular medication. All research projects are subject to a special approval process which balances research needs with a patient's need for privacy. When required, we will obtain a written authorization from you prior to using your health information for research.
  • We will use or disclose PHI about you when required to do so by applicable law.
  • In accordance with applicable law, we may disclose your PHI to your employer if we are retained to conduct an evaluation relating to medical surveillance of your workplace or to evaluate whether you have a work-related illness or injury. You will be notified of these disclosures by your employer or the Pharmacy as required by applicable law.

Note: incidental uses and disclosures of PHI sometimes occur and are not considered to be a violation of your rights. Incidental uses and disclosures are by-products of otherwise permitted uses or disclosures which are limited in nature and cannot be reasonably prevented.


Subject to the requirements of applicable law, we will make the following uses and disclosures of your PHI:

  • Organ and Tissue Donation. If you are an organ donor, we may release PHI to organizations that handle organ procurement or transplantation as necessary to facilitate organ or tissue donation and transplantation.
  • Military and Veterans. If you are a member of the Armed Forces, we may release PHI about you as required by military command authorities. We may also release PHI about foreign military personnel to the appropriate foreign military authority.
  • Worker's Compensation. We may release PHI about you for programs that provide benefits for work-related injuries or illnesses.
  • Public Health Activities. We may disclose PHI about you for public health activities, including disclosures:
  • to prevent or control disease, injury or disability;
  • to report births and deaths;
  • to report child abuse or neglect;
  • to persons subject to the jurisdiction of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for activities related to the quality, safety, or effectiveness of FDA-regulated products or services and to report reactions to medications or problems with products;
  • to notify a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition;
  • to notify the appropriate government authority if we believe that an adult patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence. We will only make this disclosure if the patient agrees or when required or authorized by law.
  • Health Oversight Activities. We may disclose PHI to federal or state agencies that oversee our activities (e.g., providing health care, seeking payment, and civil rights).
  • Lawsuits and Disputes. If you are involved in a lawsuit or a dispute, we may disclose PHI subject to certain limitations.
  • Law Enforcement. We may release PHI if asked to do so by a law enforcement official:
  • In response to a court order, warrant, summons or similar process;
  • To identify or locate a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or missing person;
  • About the victim of a crime under certain limited circumstances;
  • About a death we believe may be the result of criminal conduct;
  • About criminal conduct on our premises; or
  • In emergency circumstances, to report a crime, the location of the crime or the victims, or the identity, description or location of the person who committed the crime.
  • Coroners, Medical Examiners and Funeral Directors. We may release PHI to a coroner or medical examiner. We may also release PHI about patients to funeral directors as necessary to carry out their duties. National Security and Intelligence Activities. We may release PHI about you to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, other national security activities authorized by law or to authorized federal officials so they may provide protection to the President or foreign heads of state.
  • Inmates. If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release PHI about you to the correctional institution or law enforcement official. This release would be necessary (1) to provide you with health care; (2) to protect your health and safety or the health and safety of others; or (3) for the safety and security of the correctional institution.
  • Serious Threats. As permitted by applicable law and standards of ethical conduct, we may use and disclose PHI if we, in good faith, believe that the use or disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public or is necessary for law enforcement authorities to identify or apprehend an individual.

Note: HIV-related information, genetic information, alcohol and/or substance abuse records, mental health records and other specially protected health information may enjoy certain special confidentiality protections under applicable state and federal law. Any disclosures of these types of records will be subject to these special protections.


Certain uses and disclosures of PHI will be made only with your written authorization, including uses and/or disclosures: (a) of psychotherapy notes (where appropriate); (b) for marketing purposes; and (c) that constitute a sale of PHI under the Privacy Rule. Other uses and disclosures of PHI not covered by this notice or the laws that apply to us will be made only with your written authorization. You have the right to revoke that authorization at any time, provided that the revocation is in writing, except to the extent that we already have taken action in reliance on your authorization.


  1. You have the right to request restrictions on our uses and disclosures of PHI for treatment, payment and health care operations. However, we are not required to agree to your request unless the disclosure is to a health plan in order to receive payment, the PHI pertains solely to your health care items or services for which you have paid the bill in full, and the disclosure is not otherwise required by law. To request a restriction, you may make your request in writing to the Privacy Officer.
  2. You have the right to reasonably request to receive confidential communications of your PHI by alternative means or at alternative locations. To make such a request, you may submit your request in writing to the Privacy Officer.
  3. You have the right to inspect and copy the PHI contained in our Pharmacy records, except:

(i)         for psychotherapy notes, (i.e., notes that have been recorded by a mental health professional documenting counseling sessions and have been separated from the rest of your medical record);

  1. for information compiled in reasonable anticipation of, or for use in, a civil, criminal, or administrative action or proceeding;
  2. for PHI involving laboratory tests when your access is restricted by law;
  3. if you are a prison inmate, and access would jeopardize your health, safety, security, custody, or rehabilitation or that of other inmates, any officer, employee, or other person at the correctional institution or person responsible for transporting you;
  4. if we obtained or created PHI as part of a research study, your access to the PHI may be restricted for as long as the research is in progress, provided that you agreed to the temporary denial of access when consenting to participate in the research;
  5. for PHI contained in records kept by a federal agency or contractor when your access is restricted by law; and
  6. for PHI obtained from someone other than us under a promise of confidentiality when the access requested would be reasonably likely to reveal the source of the information.

In order to inspect or obtain a copy your PHI, you may submit your request in writing to the Medical Records Custodian. If you request a copy, we may charge you a fee for the costs of copying and mailing your records, as well as other costs associated with your request.

We may also deny a request for access to PHI under certain circumstances if there is a potential for harm to yourself or others. If we deny a request for access for this purpose, you have the right to have our denial reviewed in accordance with the requirements of applicable law.

4.        You have the right to request an amendment to your PHI but we may deny your request for amendment, if we determine that the PHI or record that is the subject of the request:

  1. was not created by us, unless you provide a reasonable basis to believe that the originator of PHI is no longer available to act on the requested amendment;
  2. is not part of your medical or billing records or other records used to make decisions about you;
  3. is not available for inspection as set forth above; or
  4. is accurate and complete.

In any event, any agreed upon amendment will be included as an addition to, and not a replacement of, already existing records. In order to request an amendment to your PHI, you must submit your request in writing to Medical Record Custodian at our Pharmacy, along with a description of the reason for your request.

5.        You have the right to receive an accounting of disclosures of PHI made by us to individuals or entities other than to you for the six years prior to your request, except for disclosures:

(i)         to carry out treatment, payment and health care operations as provided above;

(ii)         incidental to a use or disclosure otherwise permitted or required by applicable law;

(iii)         pursuant to your written authorization;

  1. to persons involved in your care or for other notification purposes as provided by law;
  2. for national security or intelligence purposes as provided by law;
  3. to correctional institutions or law enforcement officials as provided by law;
  4. as part of a limited data set as provided by law.

To request an accounting of disclosures of your PHI, you must submit your request in writing to the Privacy Officer at our Pharmacy. Your request must state a specific time period for the accounting (e.g., the past three months). The first accounting you request within a twelve (12) month period will be free. For additional accountings, we may charge you for the costs of providing the list. We will notify you of the costs involved, and you may choose to withdraw or modify your request at that time before any costs are incurred.

6.        You have the right to receive a notification, in the event that there is a breach of your unsecured PHI, which requires notification under the Privacy Rule.


If you believe that your privacy rights have been violated, you should immediately contact the company Privacy Officer. We will not take action against you for filing a complaint. You also may file a complaint with the Secretary of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, 200 Independence Ave. S.W., Washington D.0 20201.


This page has been provided by Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. to help you plan your actions in case there is a natural disaster where you live. Many areas of the United States are prone to natural disasters like hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and earthquakes.

Every patient receiving care or services in the home should think about what they would do in the event of an emergency. Our goal is to help you plan so that we can try to provide you with the best, most consistent service we can during the emergency.

Know What to Expect

If you have recently moved to this area, take the time to find out what types of natural emergencies have occurred in the past, and what types might be expected.

Find out what, if any, time of year these emergencies are more prevalent.

Find out when you should evacuate, and when you shouldn’t.

Your local Red Cross, local law enforcement agencies, local news and radio stations usually provide excellent information and tips for planning.

Know Where to Go

One of the most important pieces of information you should know is the location of the closest emergency shelter.

These shelters are opened to the public during voluntary and mandatory evaluation times. They are usually the safest place for you to go, other than a friend or relative’s home in an unaffected area.

Know What to Take with You

If you are going to a shelter, there will be restrictions on what items you can bring with you. Not all shelters have adequate storage facilities for medications that need refrigeration.

We recommend that you call ahead and find out which shelter in your area will let you bring your medications and medical supplies, in addition, let them know if you will be using medical equipment that requires an electrical outlet.

During our planning for a natural emergency, we will contact you and deliver, if possible, at least one week’s worth of medication and supplies. Bring all your medications and supplies with you to the shelter.

Reaching Us if There Are No Phones

How do you reach us during a natural emergency if the phone lines don’t work? How would you contact us? If there is warning of the emergency, such as a hurricane watch, we will make every attempt to contact you and provide you with the number of our cellular phone. (Cellular phones frequently work even when the regular land phone lines do not.)

If you have no way to call our cellular phone, you can try to reach us by having someone you know call us from his or her cellular phone. (Many times cellular phone companies set up communication centers during natural disasters. If one is set up in your area, you can ask them to contact us.)

If the emergency was unforeseen, we will try to locate you by visiting your home, or by contacting your home nursing agency. If travel is restricted due to damage from the emergency, we will try to contact you through local law enforcement agencies.

An Ounce of Prevention…

We would much rather prepare you for an emergency ahead of time than wait until it has happened and then send you the supplies you need.

To do this, we need for you to give us as much information as possible before the emergency. We may ask you for the name and phone number of a close family member, or a close friend or neighbor. We may ask you where you will go if an emergency occurs. Will you go to a shelter, or a relative’s home? If your doctor has instructed you to go to a hospital, which one is it?

Having the address of your evacuation site, if it is in another city, may allow us to service your therapy needs through another company.

Helpful Tips

  • Get a cooler and ice or freezer gel-packs to transport your medication.
  • Get all of your medication information and teaching modules together and take them with you if you evacuate.
  • Pack one week’s worth of supplies in a plastic-lined box or waterproof tote bag or tote box. Make sure the seal is watertight.
  • Make sure to put antibacterial soap and paper towels into your supply kit.
  • If possible, get waterless hand disinfectant from Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. or from a local store. It comes in very handy if you don’t have running water.
  • If you are going to a friend or relative’s home during evacuation, leave their phone number and address with Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. and your home nursing agency.
  • When you return to your home, contact your home nursing agency and Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. so we can visit and see what supplies you need.

For More information

There is much more to know about planning for and surviving during a natural emergency or disaster. Review the information form FEMA The information includes:

  • Get informed about hazards and emergencies that may affect you and your family.
  • Develop an emergency plan.
  • Collect and assemble disaster supplies kit , which should include:
  • Three-day supply of non-perishable food.
  • Three-day supply of water – one gallon of water per person, per day.
  • Portable, battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries.
  • Flashlight and extra batteries.
  • First aid kit and manual.
  • Sanitation and hygiene items (moist towelettes and toilet paper).
  • Matches and waterproof container.
  • Whistle.
  • Extra clothing.
  • Kitchen accessories and cooking utensils, including a can opener.
  • Photocopies of credit and identification cards.
  • Cash and coins.
  • Special needs items, such as prescription medications, eye glasses, contact lens solutions, and hearing aid batteries.
  • Items for infants, such as formula, diapers, bottles, and pacifiers.
  • Other items to meet your unique family needs.
  • Learn where to seek shelter from all types of hazards.
  • Identify the community warning systems and evacuation routes.
  • Include in your plan required information from community and school plans.
  • Learn what to do for specific hazards. · Practice and maintain your plan.

An Important Reminder!!

During any emergency situation, if you are unable to contact our company and you are in need of your prescribed medication, equipment or supplies, you must go to the nearest emergency room or other treatment facility for treatment.  


Advance Directives are forms that say, in advance, what kind of treatment you want or don’t want under serious medical conditions. Some conditions, if severe, may make you unable to tell the doctor how you want to be treated at that time. Your Advance Directives will help the doctor to provide the care you would wish to have. Most hospitals and home health organizations are required to provide you with information on Advance Directives. Many are required to ask you if you already have Advance Directives prepared.

This page has been designed to give you information and may help you with important decisions. Laws regarding Advance Directives vary from state to state.  We recommend that you consult with your family, close friends, your physician, and perhaps even a social worker or lawyer regarding your individual needs and what may benefit you the most.

What Kinds Of Advance Directives Are There?

There are two basic types of Advance Directives available. One is called a Living Will. The other is called a Durable Power of Attorney.

A Living Will gives information on the kind of medical care you want (or do not want) become terminally ill and unable to make your own decision.

  • It is called a “Living” Will because it takes effect while you are living.
  • Many states have specific forms that must be used for a Living Will to be considered legally binding. These forms may be available from a social services office, law office, or possibly a library.
  • In some states, you are allowed to simply write a letter describing what treatments you want or don’t want.
  • In all cases, your Living Will must be signed, witnessed, and dated. Some states require verification.

A Durable Power of Attorney is a legal agreement that names another person (frequently a spouse, family member, or close friend) as an agent or proxy. This person would then be make medical decisions for you if you should become unable to make them for yourself. A Durable Power of Attorney can also include instructions regarding specific treatments that want or do not want in the event of serious illness.

What Type of Advance Directive is Best for Me?

This is not a simple question to answer. Each individual’s situation and preferences are unique.  

  • For many persons, the answer depends on their specific situation, or personal desires for their health care.
  • Sometimes the answer depends on the state in which you live. In some states, it is better to have one versus the other.
  • Many times you can have both, either as separate forms or as a single combined form.

What Do I Do If I Want An Advance Directive?

  • First, consult with your physician’s office or home care agency about where to get information specific for your state.
  • Once you have discussed the options available, consult with any family members or friends who may be involved in your medical care. This is extremely important if you have chosen a friend or family member as your “agent” in the Durable Power of Attorney.
  • Be sure to follow all requirements in your state for your signature, witness signature, notarization (if required), and filing.
  • Your should provide copies of your Advance Directive(s) to people you trust, such as close family members, friends and/or caregiver(s).  The original document should be filed in a secure location known to those to whom you give copies.
  • Keep another copy in a secure location; if you have a lawyer, he or she will keep a copy as well.

How Does My Health Care Team Know I Have an Advance Directive?

You must tell them. Many organizations and hospitals are required to ask you if you have one. Even so, it is a good idea to tell your physicians and nurses that you have an Advance Directive, and where the document can be found. Many patients keep a small card in their wallet that states the type of Advance Directive they have, where a copy of the document(s) is located, and a contact person, such as your Durable Power of Attorney “agent,” and how to contact them.

What If I Change My Mind?

You can change your mind about any part of your Advance Directive, or even about having an Advance Directive, at any time.

If you would like to cancel or make changes to the document(s), it is very important that you follow the same signature, dating, and witness procedure as the first time, and that you make sure all original versions are deleted or discarded, and that all health care providers, your caregiver(s), your family and friends have a revised copy.

What If I Don’t Want An Advance Directive?

You are not required by law to have one. Many home care companies are required to provide you with this basic information, but what you choose to do with it is entirely up to you.

For More Information…

This page has been designed to provide you with basic information. It is not a substitute for consultation with an experienced lawyer or knowledgeable social worker. These persons, or your home care agency, can best answer more detailed questions, and help guide you towards the best Advance Directive for you.


You may lodge a complaint without concern for reprisal, discrimination, or unreasonable interruption of service. To place a grievance, please call 714-515-7571 and speak to the Customer Services Supervisor.  If your complaint is not resolved to your satisfaction within 5 working days, you may initiate a formal grievance in writing and forward it to the Governing Body. You can expect a written response within 14 working days or receipt.

You may also make inquiries or complaints about this company by calling or the Accreditation Commission for Health Care (ACHC) at 919-785-1214.


All patients who either purchase or rent equipment will be informed of the manufacturers warranty coverage and we will honor all warranties under applicable law. Hygeia II Medical Group, Inc. will repair or replace, free of charge, equipment that is under warranty. Additionally, if available, an owner's manual with warranty information will be provided to beneficiaries for all durable medical equipment. The patient will be required to sign a form stating that they received and understand the warranty coverage.

Form Revised: 02/12/2015